posted Aug 2, 2014, 6:40 AM by National Association of Geography Students

Meteorology (Corner-price for National Development), Climate directly affects the daily life of every person on the earth surface, and forms an important feature of the environment. There is admittedly much controversy concerning the relationship between Climate and racial characteristics, but no one can deny that some relationships exist.

        Meteorology is the scientific study of the physical dynamical processes constantly at work in the atmosphere. Anyone who studies meteorology is a “Meteorologist”. Meteorologists gather and analyze information on atmospheric conditions. They attempt to spot and interpret trends, understand the weather of yesterday, describe the weather of today and predict the weather of tomorrow.

           Weather is often defined as the average atmospheric condition of a place over a short period of time. The critical impact of weather on human lives led to the application of meteorology, weather forecasting which provide information that are essential applied in agriculture, air pollution, sea transportation  and in the study of trends in the earth such as global warming or ozone depletion.

          More accurate instrument for measuring, observing weather conditions, as well as high speed computers to process and analyze weather data have revolutionalized weather forecasting. Meteorologists can now generate large-scale weather analyses and predictions. One of their primary concerns is to improve forecasts, particularly long range forecasts. They use satellite data, climate theory and sophisticated computer models of the world atmosphere to help forecast the weather and interpret the results of these models to make local areas forecast.

         Meteorologists usually specialized in one type of work. The largest group of specialists are forecasters (Operational meteorologist) who analyses current and expected weather conditions, predict short and long range weather changes based on data received from satellites and worldwide weather stations. General forecasters provide weather summaries for limited geographic area, specialized operation, and Research meteorologists study atmospheric physics to advance meteorological theory and to improve mathematical models of atmospheric activity. They may study the dispersal of air pollutants over urban areas, severe storm mechanics, weather modification and new weather prediction techniques. Climatologists study climatic variations, spending hundreds or even millions of years.


  1. Agro-meteorology

  2. Hydrometeorology-water resources

  3. Synoptic Meteorology

  4. Aviation Meteorology

  5. Bio-meteorology (animals, man and plants)

  6. Dynamic meteorology

  7. Physical meteorology

  8. Marine meteorology